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Urban's Colour Reference Charts

n by Urban Fredriksson & Martin Waligorski

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German Air Force WW I, WW II and Modern Colours

Examples of World War II camouflage schemes as prescribed by RLM:

Pre-war splinter scheme 61/62/63 over 65
Very early fighter biplanes, experimental aircraft 63 overall
Two-green splinter scheme - all aircraft except seaplanes until the ned of 1939, later mostly bombers, transports and ground attack a/c 70/71 over 65
Sea scheme - seaplanes 72/73 over 65
Fighters, until ca. end of 1939 70/71 over 65
Fighters, French campaign and Battle of  Britain many different, but often 70/02 over 65
Standard two-tone grey scheme, fighters 1941-1944 74/75 over 76
3-tone desert scheme - aircraft of the African campaign 79/80 over 78
2-tone "Tunisian" desert scheme 79(brown) over 78
Late-war schemes, fighters, 1944-1945 many different combinations of colours from the 80-series, i.e. 81/82 over 76, 82/83 over 76, 81/82 over "84", 82/83 over "84",  etc.
Nightfighter scheme 75/76

Publications helpful for assembling RLM part of the chart heve been The Official Monogram Panting Guide to German Aircraft 1939-45  and Late-War Luftwaffe Fighter Camouflage by Brett Green published at www.hyperscale.com.

Examples of post-war camouflage schemes

Sabre CL13B Mk.5 1957- Green/Dk grey/Lt blue
Sabre CL13B Mk.6, F-84F, F-86K, Fiat G-91, Alpha Jet 1960's- RAL 6014/7012/7001
F-104F/G, F-4F 1972- RAL 6014/7012/9006
RF-4E, F-104G late, Tornado RAL 6003/7021/FS.34079 overall
F-4F 1980 standard A Top: RAL 7012/7037/7009 Under: 7036/7001(later 7030)
F-4F 1980 standard B Top: RAL 7012/7039/7009/7037 Under:7030/7035
F-4F 1990 standard Top: RAL Top:7000/7001 Under: FS.35237/36375
Alpha Jet standard 1983 RAL 7021/FS.34079 overall
MiG-29 FS.35237/36320/36375 Nose cone close to RAL 7012
Early tranports RAL 6014/7012/7001
C-160 Transall, Do 28 RAL 6014/7012/9006/2005
C-160, Do 28 modern RAL 7021/6003/FS.34079 overall

This chart has been last revised in September 2006 

Colour name Comment FS Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Revell Gunze Sangyo Model Master
Dunkelgrün Topside colour, used until ca. 1917   Hu:30   X:X241        
Rotbraun Topside colour, used until ca. 1917   Hu:160            
Dunkelviolett Topside colour, used until ca. 1917   Hu:107   X:X242        
Olivegrün Topside colour on Fokker aircraft   Hu:108            
Blau Topside colour   Hu:109            
Graublau Sea aircraft   Hu:87            
Graubrun Sea aircraft   Hu:98            
Grauviolett Sea aircraft   4*Hu:25 + 2*Hu:153 + 3*Hu:64            
Blau Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   2*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:25            
Grün Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   Hu:80            
Lichtbraun Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   Hu:119            
Lichtgrün Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   Hu:90            
Gelbbraun Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   Hu:62            
Graublau Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   5*Hu:28 + 1*Hu:25            
Dunkelviolett Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   8*Hu:98 + 2*Hu:10 + 2*Hu:107            
Lichtblau Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   4*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:25            
Graugrün Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   Hu:95            
Graublau Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   7*Hu:28 + 1*Hu:153 + 1*Hu:64            
Gelb Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   Hu:103            
Licht graublau Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   7*Hu:28 + 1*Hu:25            
Grauviolett Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   6*Hu:34 + 4*Hu:25 + 2*Hu:153 + 2*Hu:64            
Rose Printed fabric "polygon" pattern   5*Hu:28 + 1*Hu:153            
Underside blue         X:X243        
1935-1945, RLM Standard
Colour name Comment FS Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Revell Gunze Sangyo Model Master
RLM 01 Silber   FS:17178 Hu:191   X:X216        
RLM 02 Grau Interior colour, alos used as overall colour on prototypes FS:34159 (36165, 24226) 34*Hu:29 + 13*Hu:25 + 12*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:82 (4*Hu:168 + 1*Hu:75 + 1*Hu:92 + 1*Hu:10, Hu:92) 1*T:XF-22 + 1*T:XF-49 (T:XF-22) X:X201 P:PCG83   GS:H70  
RLM 04 Gelb Identification markings FS:33538 Hu:154   X:X213 (markings)     GS:H413  
RLM 05 Elfenbein   FS:33798
RLM 09 Gelbgrün                  
RLM 21 Weiss Markings / winter camouflage FS:37886 (37880, 37875) 6*Hu:34 + 4*Hu:41            
RLM 22 Schwarz Markings / night camouflage FS:37038 Hu:33            
RLM 23 Rot Markings FS:31304 (31302)     X:X217     GS:H414  
RLM 24 Dunkelblau Markings FS:35053     X:X218        
RLM 25 Hellgrün   FS:34090
RLM 26 Braun   FS:30109              
RLM 27 Gelb Markings FS:33637 (33655, 33591)              
RLM 61 Dunkelbraun Pre-war splinter scheme FS:30040 (30109, 30117) 29*Hu:60 + 9*Hu:99 + 7*Hu:33 + 4*Hu:34 (8*Hu:10 + 2*Hu:33) T:X-09+black X:X219     GS:H406  
RLM 62 Grün Pre-war splinter scheme FS:34159 (34128) 6*Hu:76 + 2*Hu:151 T:XF-65 X:X220 P:PCG706      
RLM 63 Hellgrau Pre-war splinter scheme. Also used for overall shcemes. Some sources claim that this and RLM 02 are the same colour FS:36375 (36373, 36314) 5*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:64 T:XF-25 X:X221 P:PCG711      
RLM 65 Hellblau Lower surfaces FS:35352 (35414, 25526) 1*Hu:115 + 1*Hu:34 (Hu:65) T:XF-23 X:X202 P:PCG701   GS:H67  
RLM 66 Schwartzgrau Cockpit interiors from mid-war onwards FS:37030 (36081) Hu:92 (Hu:32)   X:X203     GS:H416  
RLM 70 Schwartzgrun Wartime splinter scheme FS:34052 (34050) 25*Hu:2 + 14*Hu:34 + 12*Hu:60 + 9*Hu:15 (Hu:91, 5*Hu:75 + 1*Hu:91 + 1*Hu:108)
1*T:XF-62 + 1*T:XF-49 (T:XF-27, T:XF-13) X:X204 P:PCG86   GS:H65  
RLM 71 Dunkelgrun Wartime splinter scheme FS:34083 (34079, 34102) Hu:116 (Hu:30) T:XF-61 X:X205 P:PCG87   GS:H64  
RLM 72 Grun Wartime splinter scheme on sea aircraft FS:37030 (34056) 6*Hu:91 + 2*Hu:189 + 1*Hu:3   X:X222        
RLM 73 Grun Wartime splinter scheme on sea aircraft FS:36081 (34092) Hu:149   X:X223 (X:X129)        
RLM 74 Graugrün Top camouflage on fighter aircraft from 1941. Also referred to as Dunkelgrau. FS:36081 (36086) Hu:108 (91*Hu:27 + 2*Hu:29 + 1*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:109, Hu:27) 7*T:XF-27 + 3*T:XF-19 X:X206 (X:X129) P:PCG84   9*GS:H68  + 1*GS:H64 (GS:H068)  
RLM 75 Grauviolett Top camouflage on fighter aircraft from 1941. Also referred to as Mittelgrau. FS:26132 (26122) 16*Hu:34 + 7*Hu:33 + 3*Hu:70 + 2*Hu:29 (4*Hu:106 + 1*Hu:98) T:XF-54+51? X:X207 (X:X390) P:PCG707   GS:H69 + a hint of red (GS:H069)  
RLM 76 Lichtblau Lower surfaces on fighter a/c. Also used extensively for night fighters FS:36473, (35622,  35414) 60*Hu:103 + 6*Hu:25 + 1*Hu:34 (175, 2*Hu:76 + 1*Hu:34, 1*Hu:87 + 1*Hu:34) 6*T:XF-23 + 4*T:XF-2 X:X208 P:PCG88   1*GS:H67 + 1*GS:H332 (H417, 1*GS:H314 + 1*GS:H334)  
RLM 77 Lichtgrau   FS:36493 9*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:28 + 1*Hu:156   X:X214 P:PCG85?      
RLM 78 Himmelblau Lower surfaces of mediterranean schem. FS:35352 (35414) 67*Hu:34 + 10*Hu:109 + 4*Hu:94 + 1*Hu:25 (5*Hu:4 + 3*Hu:115 + 3*Hu:65)   X:X214 P:PCG85?   GS:H418  
RLM 79 Sandbraun Mediterranean scheme FS:33448 (33434) 40*Hu:24 + 37*Hu:73 + 17*Hu:150 (4*Hu:154 + 3*Hu:94 + 1*Hu:34)   X:X209 P:PCG708      
RLM 79a Sandgelb Another variant of RLM 79 FS:30219 (30215) Hu:62   X:X224     GS:H66  
RLM 80 Olivegrün Blotches in mediterranean scheme FS:34079 (34052) 14*Hu:80 + 3*Hu:25 + 2*Hu:33 + 1*Hu:34 (3*Hu:91 + 2*Hu:75 + 2*Hu:108) T:XF-58? X:X215 P:PCG709   GS:H420  
RLM 81 Braunviolett Late-war topside camouflage FS:30045 (34087, 30118, 34088) 3*Hu:150 + 2*Hu:33 (3*Hu:163 + 4*Hu:108 + 3*Hu:33,  85%*Hu:173  + 9%*Hu:153 + 6%*Hu:85, Hu:155) T:XF-62?/13? X:X210     GS:H421 (GS:H304)  
RLM 82 Lichtgrün Late-war topside camouflage. Often confused with 83 FS:34096 6*Hu:116 + 6*Hu:177 + 1*Hu:163 (105) T:XF-27?/61? X:X212      GS:H422  
RLM 83 Dunkelgrün Late-war topside camouflage. Often confused with 82 FS:34138, 34083 66*Hu:3 + 26*Hu:15 + 5*Hu:60 + 1*Hu:24 (Hu:116, 4*Hu:117 + 1*Hu:81) T:XF-26 X:X211 P:PF51   GS:H423  
RLM "84" (?)
Used towards end of the war. Designation RLM 84 is speculatory. FS:34554              
Light Green-Grey Used towards end of the war on lower surfaces of fighter a/c FS:34583 (34672)   T:XF-21 X:X007     GS:H74  
Red Primer Primer colour FS:31310              
Colour name Comment FS Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Revell Gunze Sangyo Model Master
RAL 1002 Sandgelb   FS:10260         Rev:11 Sand yellow    
RAL 1007 Chrome Yellow   FS:33538 Hu:188/154 Insignia yellow            
RAL 1026     Hu:194       Rev:312 Fluorescent yellow    
RAL 1028     Hu:197       Rev:310 Lufthansa yellow    
RAL 2004     Hu:18       Rev:30 Orange    
RAL 2005 Leuchtorange     Hu:192 Dayglo orange?   X:X253        
RAL 3000 Bright red FS:21105 Hu:60(19)       Rev:330    
RAL 3004     Hu:20/107       Rev:331 Crimson    
RAL 3022 Salmon pink                  
RAL 3026     Hu:209       Rev:332 Fire orange    
RAL 5008 Graublau         X:X264   Rev:351    
RAL 5013     Hu:198       Rev:350 Lufthansa blue    
RAL 5014 Pigeon blue   FS:35488 Hu:157            
RAL 6003 Olivegrun   FS:34102 Hu:86   X:X261   Rev:361    
RAL 6014 Gelboliv   FS:24064 Hu:155   X:X251        
RAL 6020 Chrome green   FS:34079 Hu:116(195)       Rev:363 Dark Green    
RAL 7000 Squirrel grey   FS:35237 Hu:145       Rev:57 Medium Grey    
RAL 7001 Silbergrau   FS:36375 Hu:64/127   X:X255   Rev:374    
RAL 7005 Mouse grey     Hu:140       Rev:47    
RAL 7009 Grungrau     Hu:(116)91   X:X256   Rev:67    
RAL 7011 Iron grey   FS:36118 Hu:125            
RAL 7012 Basaltgrau   FS:26152 Hu:(27)79   X:X254   Rev:77    
RAL 7013 Brown grey     Hu:98       Rev:46    
RAL 7021 Schwartzgrun         X:X262   Rev:9    
RAL 7023 Dunkelgrau     Hu:141 Concrete grey   X:X263        
RAL 7030 Steingrau         X:X257   Rev:75(162)    
RAL 7031     Hu:27       Rev:79 Sea Grey    
RAL 7032 Pebble grey   FS:36408         Rev:70    
RAL 7035 Lichtgrau   FS:35630 Hu:196   X:X260   Rev:371    
RAL 7037 Staubraun     Hu:106   X:X258        
RAL 7038 Agate grey     Hu:183       Rev:372    
RAL 7039 Qaurzgrau     Hu:92   X:X259        
RAL 7042 Traffic grey A   FS:36270 Hu:167            
RAL 8017 Brown   Hu:10            
RAL 8023 Leather brown   Hu:62       Rev:85    
RAL 9001 Cream   FS:37886 Hu:34   X:X252   Rev:5    
RAL 9005 Jet black   FS:37038 Hu:21/85       Rev:7    
RAL 9006 White aluminium   FS:17178 Hu:56            
RAL 9010     Hu:22/130       Rev:4 White (gloss?)    
RAL 9011     Hu:33       Rev:8 Black (matt?)    
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