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Urban's Colour Reference Charts
Federal Standard

n by Urban Fredriksson & Martin Waligorski

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Federal Standard FS.595a/595B to model paints

The colours in the Federal Standard set have no official names, just five-digit numbers. Any names given below are generic. The example of the FS number could be:


View this colour 

The first figure can be 1,2 or 3 and indicates the level of sheen:

For simplicity, all colours in this chart are referred to as matt (begin with 3). colour matches for matt colours apply also to semi-gloss or gloss colours - just replace the leading digit with 2 or 1, respectively.

Matt, satin or gloss clear lacquer should be applied to painted object to obtain the desired quality of finish.

The second figure of FS code indicates a general colour classification group -

The remaining figures (third to fifth) combined into a number indicate the intensity. Lower value indicates a darker colour, higher value - a lighter colour, with no other significance. The numbers have been assigned with gaps to allow addition of new colours.

FS.595 is a colour collection, not a complete colour system, an this has the following implications:

This chart has been last revised in September 2006 

Colour name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Model Master
FS:30040   8*Hu:10 + 2*Hu:33          
FS:30045   8*Hu:98 + 2*Hu:10 + 2*Hu:107 T:XF-10        
FS:30049   8*Hu:107 + 1*Hu:33          
FS:30051 Leather Brown 8*Hu:98 + 2*Hu:10          
FS:30059   19*Hu:10 + 1*Hu:61          
FS:30061     T:XF-09?        
FS:36062   8*Hu:98 + 1*Hu:160 + 1*Hu:33          
FS:30075     T:XF-09        
FS:30097 Polish Khaki 5*Hu:110 + 1*Hu:160 + 1*Hu:33          
FS:30099   8*Hu:110 + 2*Hu:113 + 1*Hu:33     P:PCA831    
FS:30100   7*Hu:186 + 2*Hu:156 +1*Hu:34          
FS:30108 Red Brown 3*Hu:186 + 2*Hu:160 + 2*Hu:10 T:XF-64        
FS:30109   6*Hu:178 + 4*Hu:70 + 3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:107          
FS:30111   Hu:70 T:X-09        
FS:30117 Earth Red Hu:186     P:500103   MM:1701
FS:30118 Earth Hu:142 T:XF-52? X:X101 P:PCA830   MM:1702
FS:30140 Brown Special 4*Hu:110 + 2*Hu:62 + 1*Hu:113     P:500829 Earth Red    
FS:30145   4*Hu:110 + 1*Hu:62          
FS:30166 Brick Red 6*Hu:113 + 1*Hu:178 (70)     P:21    
FS:30215 Sand Yellow 6*Hu:62 + 2*Hu:110 + 1*Hu:154          
FS:30218 Tan            
FS:30219 Red Brown Hu:118 (119) T:XF-52 X:X102 P:PCA816/874? GS:H310 MM:1742
FS:30227 Olive Drab 6*Hu:110 + 2*Hu:121 + 1*Hu:113 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:30251         P:PCA820    
FS:30257 Light Earh 1*Hu:94 + 1*Hu:63 T:XF-59   P:PCA828    
FS:30266 Mid Stone 3*Hu:81 + 2*Hu:26 T:XF-60   P:PCA818    
FS:30277 Light Olive Green 6*Hu:168 + 1*Hu:110 (187) T:XF:49   P:PCA827    
FS:30279 Sand 4*Hu:121 + 2*Hu:118 + 1*Hu:110   X:X032 P:PCA826 GS:346?  
FS:30313 Purple Hu:250          
FS:30324 Desert Brown 6*Hu:110 + 5*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:121 + 1*Hu:113          
FS:30372 Stone 12*Hu:168 + 1*Hu:113 (7*Hu:187 + 3*Hu:129)     P:PCI879    
FS:30400 Tan Special 3*Hu:63 + 3*Hu:118 + 3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:121   X:X145      
FS:30450 Hemp 1*Hu:118 + 1*Hu:34 (4*Hu:250 + 1*Hu:148) T:XF-57?        
Colour name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Model Master
FS:31105 Red   T:X-07        
FS:31136 Insignia Red     X:X102      
FS:31136 Matt Scarlett Hu:60(/153) T:XF-7   P:20? GS:H327 MM:1705
FS:31400 Red Orange 8*Hu:187 + 1*Hu:60          
FS:31630 Pink   T:X-17        
Colour name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Model Master
FS:32160     T:X-06        
FS:32169 Deep Yellow 6*Hu:100 + 4*Hu:154 + 1*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:110          
FS:32197 Int. Orange     X:X103      
FS:32473   Hu:82?          
FS:32648     T:XF-15        
Colour name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Model Master
FS:33070 Olive 8*Hu:150 + 4*Hu:10 + 2*Hu:154          
FS:33245 Ochre Hu:63          
FS:33303   3*Hu:168 + 2*Hu:74 + 1*Hu:84 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:33434   4*Hu:154 + 3*Hu:94 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:33440     T:XF:49?        
FS:33446 Sand     X:X158 P:500844 (possible confusion 446/448)    
FS:33448 Light Stone 5*Hu:74 + 3*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:84 T:XF-60 X:X326      
FS:33481 Yellow green   T:XF-04?        
FS:33522 Light Tan 4*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:103 + 1*Hu:84          
FS:33531 Yellow Hu:121     P:PCI875 GS:H313 MM:1706
FS:33538 Chrome Yellow Hu:188 (154)       GS:H329  
FS:33531 Matt Pale Stone Hu:121 T:XF-57 Israeli AF X:X105 P:PCI875    
FS:33538 Insignia Yellow Hu:154/Hu:24?   X:X106   GS:329 MM:1708
FS:33564   1*Hu:28 + 1*Hu:74          
FS:33613 Radome Tan Hu:148   X:X107   GS:H318 MM:1709
FS:33655 Blue Angels Yellow   T:X-08/XF-03 X:X108      
FS:33690 Light Tan 3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:103 + 1*Hu:121          
FS:33697 Pale Cream Hu:74          
FS:33711 USMC Sand 3*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:103 + 2*Hu:148          
FS:33717 Linen 5*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:103 + 2*Hu:148          
FS:33722 Tan 6*Hu:103 + 5*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:148 + 1*Hu:78          
FS:33798 Desert Sand 10*Hu:74 + 8*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:99          
FS:33814 Pale Yellow? Hu:81? T:XF-4?        
Colour name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Model Master
FS:34031 US helo drab     X:X152      
FS:34050 Black Green 5*Hu:75 + 1*Hu:91 + 1*Hu:108 T:XF-13?        
FS:34052 Marine Corps Green 5*Hu:91 + 2*Hu:75 + 2*Hu:108 T:XF-13 X:X109      
FS:34056   6*Hu:91 + 2*Hu:189 + 1*Hu:3          
FS:34058 Bottle Green 7*Hu:88 + 3*Hu:190 + 2*Hu:32 + 2*Hu:34 T:XF-17        
FS:34062   4*Hu:3 + 1*Hu:131 T:X-05        
FS:34064 Very Dark Drab 1*Hu:66 + 1*Hu:163          
FS:34077   5*Hu:91 + 1*Hu:116 + 1*Hu:3 T:XF-11        
FS:34079 Leaf Green Hu:116 T:XF-27/61? X:X110 P:PCA814/835 GS:H309 MM:1710
FS:34082   6*Hu:102 + 2*Hu:172 + 3*Hu:154 T:XF-61?        
FS:34086 Dark green Hu:108 T:XF-62/13? X:X144   GS:H319?  
FS:34087 Olive Drab 3*Hu:163 + 4*Hu:108 + 1*Hu:33 (155, 3*Hu:163 + 4*Hu:108 + 3*Hu:33) T:XF-62? X:X111 P:832/808/819 GS:H304 MM:1711
FS:34088 Khaki Drab 1*Hu:155 + 1*Hu:159 T:XF-51?        
FS:34090   4*Hu:3 + 3*Hu:97 + 2*Hu:95 + 1*Hu:101 + 1*Hu:131          
FS:34091 Dark green 1*Hu:66 + 1*Hu:98   X:X155      
FS:34092 Extra Dark Sea Green Hu:149 T:XF-27*2 + 22*1 X:X114 PCG862   GS:H302 MM:1764
FS:34094 Bronze Green 6*Hu:116 + 1*Hu:95 + 2*Hu:80          
FS:34095 Dark Grey Green 2*Hu:80 + 1*Hu:117          
FS:34096 Nivo 6*Hu:116 + 6*Hu:117 + 1*Hu:163 T:XF-61        
FS:34097 Field (Marine) Green 2*Hu:80 + 1*Hu:116 (105) T:XF-58 X:X115 P:PF53 GS:H340  
FS:34098 Bamboo 12*Hu:150 + 1*Hu:155 + 1*Hu:154 (150)          
FS:34102 Forest Green Hu:117 T:XF-61*2 + 65*1 X:X116 P:500815 GS:H303 MM:1713
FS:34108   1*Hu:101 + 1*Hu:88          
FS:34127 Forest Green Hu:150          
FS:34128 Deep Green 6*Hu:76 + 2*Hu:151 T:XF-26        
FS:34138 Light Green 3*Hu:131 + 1*Hu:120 (131)     P:PF51    
FS:34151 Interior Green Hu:151   X:X117 P:PCA821/833 GS:H58 MM:1715
FS:34159 Light Slate Grey 6*Hu:78 + 1*Hu:161 T:XF-65 X:X118      
FS:34172 Dark Sea Green 4*Hu:120 + 3*Hu:76 + 2*Hu:78          
FS:34187 Willow Green     X:X151      
FS:34201 SAC Tan Brown 5*Hu:95 + 4*Hu:155 + 3*Hu:94 + 2*Hu:150 T:XF-49? X:X119      
FS:34223   3*Hu:110 + 2*Hu:120 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:34226 Grey Green 6*Hu:78 + 3*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:72 (78)     P:PCA801    
FS:34227 Light Green Hu:120   X:X148 P:PCI876 Israeli GS:H312 MM:1716
FS:34230 Flat Green   T:XF-05        
FS:34233 Greenish Grey 3:2:1 5*Hu:115 + 1*Hu:25 + 1*Hu:34     P:500876/500074/500032 (MiG-29)    
FS:34257   6*Hu:83 + 2*Hu:80 + 3*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:99          
FS:34258 Pale Green 5*Hu:158 + 4*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:154   X:X120      
FS:34259     T:XF-04        
FS:34272   8*Hu:34 + 5*Hu:76 + 3*Hu:101          
FS:34417     T:XF-14        
FS:34424 Medium Grey 9*Hu:90 + 1*Hu:31 T:XF-20 (matt) Israeli        
FS:34554 Beige Green Hu:90 T:XF-21 Sky        
Colour name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Model Master
FS:35042 Sea blue Hu:181 Dark Sea Blue gloss   X:X121     MM:1717
FS:35042 Flat sea blue Hu:182     P:PCA803   MM:1718
FS:35044 Insignia blue Hu:189   X:X122   GS:H326 MM:1719
FS:35045 Dark blue Hu:HD 3     P:PCI878 GS:H35  
FS:35050 Blue Angels blue Hu:190 T:X-03 X:X123   GS:H328 MM:1772
FS:35056     T:X-04        
FS:35109 Blue     X:X124      
FS:35164 Intermediate Blue Hu:144   X:X125 P:PCA804 GS:H42 MM:1720
FS:35177 Medium blue   T:XF-18        
FS:35183 Bright blue   T:XF-08 X:X146      
FS:35200     T:X-14        
FS:35237 Dk blue/grey Hu:145   X:X126 P:PCA817 GS:H337 MM:1721
FS:35258   Hu:HU17 Green deleted)          
FS:35414 Blue   T:XF-23 X:X127      
FS:35450 Air Superiority Blue P:PCA800 19*Hu:47 + 1*Hu:147     P:PCA800    
FS:35526 Aircraft Blue Hu:65 T:XF-23     GS:H67  
FS:35526 Light blue     X:X606   GS:H323  
FS:35622 Israeli Light Blue Hu:122   X:X149 P:PCI877 GS:H314  
Colour name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Model Master
FS:36076 Engine grey   T:XF-63 X:X128      
FS:36081 Gunship Dk. grey Hu:32 T:XF-63? X:X129 P:500014 GS:H301  
FS:36118 Gunship Lt. Grey Hu:125 T:XF-24 X:X130 P:500822 GS:H305 MM:1723
FS:36152 Blue-grey Hu:HN 2          
FS:36165 RLM 02   T:XF-22        
FS:36173 Dark Grey Hu:156 T:XF-53   P:PCA823 GS:H82  
FS:36176 Dk grey F-15     X:X157      
FS:36231 Dk Gull Grey Hu:140 T:XF-54 X:X131 P:PCA824 GS:H57 MM:1740
FS:36251 Medium grey 8*Hu:64 + 3*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:106   X:X132      
FS:36270 Neutral grey 1*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:34 T:XF-53 X:X133      
FS:36270 RAF OceanGrey 1*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:34 T:XF-20     GS:H306  
FS:36293 7*Hu:28 + 2*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:36300   14*Hu:34 + 7*Hu:176 + 1*Hu:110          
FS:36307 Light Sea Grey Hu:141   X:X134   GS:H324  
FS:36314 Flint grey 6*Hu:167 + 4*Hu:87 T:XF-25 X:X143      
FS:36320 Dark compass grey Hu:128   X:X135 P:PCA837 GS:H307 MM:1741
FS:36329 Light sea grey 7*Hu:87 + 3*Hu:34 T:XF-66        
FS:36357   6*Hu:162 + 2*Hu:28          
FS:36373   5*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:64 T:XF-25?        
FS:36375 Light compass grey Hu:127   X:X136 P:500836 GS:H308 MM:1728
FS:36386   1*Hu:162 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:36400 Light Stone 1*Hu:121 + 1*Hu:90          
FS:36408   2*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:162          
FS:36415   6*Hu:121 + 4*Hu:84          
FS:36424 Medium grey   T:XF-20        
FS:36440 Lt Gull Grey Hu:183 (129) 1*T:XF-20 + 1*T:XF-2 X:X137   GS:H51? MM:1729
FS:36440   Hu:129 (183)     P:PCA825 GS:H325/H315 MM:1730
FS:36463   3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:126          
FS:36473 ADC Grey Hu:146 T:XF-66? X:X138 Light Aircraft Grey   GS:H61  
FS:36473 Light Grey 1*Hu:87 + 1*Hu:34 (64) T:XF-12?/XF-19   P:PCA806?   MM:1731
FS:36492 Light Grey 8*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:28   X:X147      
FS:36493   9*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:28 + 1*Hu:156          
FS:36495 Light Grey Hu:147       GS:H338  
FS:36496     T:XF-12        
FS:36515 Canadian Voodoo grey     X:X150      
FS:36521     T:XF-55        
FS:36555   6*Hu:103 + 1*Hu:64 + 1*Hu:28          
FS:36559 Surface Grey 2*Hu:162 + 1*Hu:28 + 1*Hu:34 (162)          
FS:36595   1*Hu:162 + 1*Hu:28 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:36622 Light Grey Hu:28 (97) T:XF-19 X:X140 P:PCA817 GS:H311  
FS:36628   9*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:64          
Miscellaneous (Blacks, Whites, Metallics)
Colour name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Model Master
FS:37030 9*Hu:33 + 2*Hu:189 + 1*Hu:112          
FS:37031   9*Hu:33 + 8*Hu:189 + 2*Hu:112          
FS:17038 Gloss Black Hu:21 T:X-1     GS:H2 MM:1747
FS:27038 Coal Black Hu:85 T:X-18     GS:H2  
FS:37038 Black Hu:33 T:XF-1   P:10 GS:H12/343 MM:1749
FS:37040 Dark Bluish Black Hu:85? T:X-18?        
FS:37100 Purple   T:X-16        
FS:37178 Chrome Silver Hu:191 T:XF-16 X:X142     MM:1790
FS:37722   16*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:72 + 1*Hu:28          
FS:37788   10*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:121          
FS:17875 Gloss White Hu:22 T:X-2 X:X141   GS:H21 MM:1745
FS:37875 Matt White Hu:130 (34) T:XF-2   P:11? GS:H11 MM:1768
FS:37880   6*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:41          
FS:37886 White 3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:41          
Colour name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Model Master
FS:38915 Blaze (orangeish red, almost dayglo) Hu:192         MM:1775

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